This genus has been restricted to five species which are distributed throughout southern Central America and northern South America. These species are typically large (>25 mm SVL), aposematic, and toxic.

Species contained in Dendrobates:

Girard, 1855
Steindachner, 1864
Dendrobates nubeculosus
Dendrobates tinctorius
Cuvier, 1797
Dendrobates truncatus
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