Andinobates fulguritus

Silverstone, 1975.

Andinobates fulguritus

See also Jungfer et al., 1996.

Account contributed by Daniel Mejia Vargas

Distribution
Eastern Cordilleras in Panamá, and lowlands in western Colombia, departments of Antioquia, Chocó, Risaralda, and Valle del Cauca. In the south it is replaced by A. viridis. Found at elevations from nearly sea level to 900 meters above sea level (report in Risaralda).

Natural History
This is a small species that inhabits primary and secondary forests in the Northern Pacific lowlands of Colombia and Panamá. They can be seen in the leaf litter or in leaves or axils of Araceae or Heliconia up to 1.5 meters above ground, and can be found by the soft buzz call given by the male. The females lay small clutches of 1 to 5 eggs which are carried by the male and deposited individually or in small groups in phytotelmata.

Conservation Status
This species has never been exported in substantial numbers, mostly due their spotty distribution and low population densities. However, some have been exported in illegal shipments of Oophaga histrionica and Phyllobates bicolor from Colombia, or O. pumilio in Panamá. As they are easy to breed in captivity and the demand for this tiny species is small, there are not risks of large-scale smuggling at the moment.

Notes
Member of fulguritus group of Andinobates, which also includes A. altobueyensis and A. viridis. Andinobates fulguritus is sympatric with A. minutus, A. altobueyensis, and A. viridis in parts of its range.

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Andinobates fulguritus
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