Defined in Grant et al. (2006) as essentially the ‘true poison frogs’. These species are all brightly colored and toxic. Synapomorphies include: smooth dorsal skin, dorsolateral stripes typically absent, larvae deposited in phytotelmata, ability to sequester alkaloids (Grant et al., 2006).
Genera contained within Dendrobatinae:
- Dendrobates (5 species)Wagler, 1830
- Oophaga (9 species)Bauer, 1994
- Phyllobates (5 species)Dumeril and Bibron, 1841
- Ranitomeya (18 species)Bauer, 1988